Romantic Piano Compositions 

The Romantic Era was rich in talented and creative people, who gave us remarkable examples of art. Their names have already become eternal. Their masterpieces still impress new generations. It is especially concerned with the music. Many consider it the most abstract and mysterious art. In fact, Romantic Period was an era of appearance of new musical genres and styles. As the main purpose of the Romanticism is the depiction of the human emotions and feelings, the music of that period has a rather tender and harmonious character. Many composers wrote compositions especially for the piano. Although there are many types of piano compositions, all of them are quite delicate, relaxed and harmonic.

One of the greatest composers of all ages is Ludwig van Beethoven. Many consider him the first composer of Romantic Era, who had a great impact on the development of the music in general. Beethoven wrote many beautiful sonatas for piano. This piano composition has many distinctive features. Firstly, sonatas usually consist of three movements, such as exposition, development and recapitulation. It means that sonatas have a quite logical and strict pattern. In fact, many composers tended to write piano sonatas from the Baroque Period up to present days. In the Romantic Era, Beethoven and Shubert developed and improved this genre, by giving it a new image and style. In fact, sonatas have a romantic character and serve in order to express personal feelings and emotions. They have a dynamic structure and strict technological features. At the same time, sonatas are rather sentimental and delicate compositions, which describe the beauty of the loving relations.

John Field introduced another type of piano compositions. This is a nocturne, which name witnesses that the night inspires such compositions. Nocturnes are tranquil and calm works with a lyrical and romantic character. Sometimes they even seem to be rather expressive and glum. The main Romantic composers, who wrote piano nocturnes, were Field, Chopin, Leybach, Satie and some others.

Besides, piano etudes also gained a great popularity in the Romantic Era. Robert Schumann was one of the greatest composers, writing etudes for piano. Etudes are short, dynamic and technical compositions, created in order to develop and present musical skills. In fact, etudes are very difficult to play as there are many different aspects. Schumann’s etudes are complicated in their structure. In addition, they have an interesting sounding. They are, as a rule, expressive and dynamic.


Piano fugues also gained a great popularity in the 19th century. We can find examples of fugue in the works of Bach and Berlioz. Fugues represent highly complicated and technical works with the regular recurrence of the same tunes. Fugues have a dynamic and expressive character and make solemn and exalted impressions. Fugues help to emphasize on the important parts of the musical composition.

Moreover, Romantic Era has many examples of piano preludes. Famous composers, such as Alkan, Chopin and Liszt tended to write preludes. At this period prelude has become a separate musical genre. It usually represents a short and rhythmical melodic motive. Preludes serve as an introduction to the main work. They form a certain impression and show the atmosphere of the musical composition in general. Alkan’s preludes have a strict technical structure. In addition, they are dynamic in character. They are highly impressive and trimming.

To sum up, Romantic Era represented many gifted composers, who had a great impact on the development of the future music. Piano compositions were very popular at that period. We can find many examples of different musical genres, such as preludes, fugues, sonatas, nocturnes and etudes in the works of the famous composers of Romantic Period. 

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